Major EPA Rules and Regulations

Because of the close proximity of their implementation, combined with the potential devastating impact, the following EPA Rules and Regulations have come to be known collectively as the "train wreck":

  • Utility MACT (Maximum Achievable Control Technology); Read ERCC Comments
  • The Clean Air Transport Rule (CSAPR), replacement for the Clean Air Interstate Rule;
  • Coal Combustion Residuals or By-products (CCRs) rules;
  • National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS) for SO2, NO2, Ozone, and PM;
  • Rules pertaining to control of global greenhouse gases;
  • New Source Review on new and modified sources for greenhouse gases and other emissions; Read ERCC Comments
  • Section 316(b) rules regarding plant cooling water intake structures; and,
  • Effluent guidelines for electric utilities

These EPA Rules and Regulations will have a significant impact on the roughly 400,000 megawatts of oil- and coal-fired generation, which is about 40% of the current available capacity in the U.S., and makes up nearly 50% of total U.S. electricity generation. Adaption to all these rules, with Utility MACT being the most immediate threat, constitutes an extraordinary – and dangerous – challenge to the power sector.